Albatros B.II

Last update: 1 August 2016

Albatros B.II

History

The Albatros B.II was an unarmed German two-seat reconnaissance biplane of the First World War. Designed by Ernst Heinkel based on his 1913 Albatros B.I, the B.II first flew in 1914. The Albatros B.II had a shorter wingspan than the B.I and used a variety of engines up to 89 kW (120 hp). The seating arrangement was not ideal; the pilot occupied the rear cockpit, the observer sat in front over the wings which greatly reduced his downward view while the protruding engine block almost completely obscured the view over the nose. Large numbers of the B.II were built and, though it was relegated from front-line service in 1915 following the introduction of the armed C-type two-seaters, the B.II remained in service as a trainer until 1918 and was still operated by the Swedish Air Force in 1919 and by the Polish Air Force during the Polish-Soviet war of 1920. A B.II from Feldflieger Abteilung 41 was the first aeroplane (as opposed to Zeppelin) to drop bombs on England; on April 16 1915, ten bombs were dropped by hand in the area of Sittingbourne and Faversham. No significant damage or casualties resulted.

General Informations

Role:reconnaissance
Country of Origin:  German Empire
Manufacturer:Albatros
Designer:Ernst Heinkel
First flight:1914
First Delivery:1914
Number of wings:Biplane
Landing gear:Tailwheel (fixed)

Military Operators

Operators:10 countries
 
  •  Austria-Hungary
  •  Kingdom of Bulgaria
  •  Finland
  •  German Empire
  •  Latvia
  •  Lithuania
  •  Poland
  •  Sweden
  •  Ottoman Empire
  •  United Kingdom

Specifications

Variant: Albatros B.II
Crew: 2
Dimensions
Length: 7.63 m (25 ft 0 3/8 in)
Height: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
Wingspan: 12.8 m (42 ft 0 in)
Wing area: 40.12 m2 (431.8 sq ft)
Weights
Weight Empty: 723 kg (1,594 lb)
Weight Loaded: 1,071 kg (2,361 lb)
Powerplant
Model: Mercedes D.II
Type: Inline piston engine
Number: 1
Configuration: Tractor
Performance
Max speed: 120.0 km/h (75.0 mph)
Max speed (altitude): ()
Max speed (sea level): ()
Service Ceiling: 3,000 m (9,840 ft)
Rate of climb: 1.6 m/s (320ft/min)
Endurance: 4 hours

Variants

B.II
Developed from the B.I, the B.II entered production in 1914.
B.IIa
strengthened airframe, particularly the tail section and 120 hp (89 kW) Mercedes D.II or 120 hp (89 kW) Argus As III engines with radiators moved to the leading edge of the upper centre section.
W.1
Seaplane with twin floats and a 150 hp (112 kW) Benz Bz.III engine.
Thulin C
Licence built version by AB Thulinverken


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